Bioenergy and waste dominate renewable energy supply in India

New Delhi: The share of renewables in electricity generation has remained stable at about 16 per cent over the past decade amid increasing electricity consumption, according to a recent report by the International Energy Agency.

“The share of renewables in India’s energy system has fallen for decades, except in electricity generation where the rapid growth in renewables has kept up with the increase in capacity,” according to the report titled ‘India 2020-Energy Policy Review’.

Share of renewable energy in TPES, electricity and TFC, 1977-2017

Renewable energy share in power generation remains stable over the decade: IEA
Source: IEA (2019a), World Energy Balances 2019, www.iea.org/statistics/; Notes: *Includes direct use of renewable energy sources and indirect use through electricity consumption; Bioenergy data are estimated by the IEA;

According to the report, the traditional use of biomass for heating and cooking in households is by far the largest source of renewable energy in India. “Bioenergy consumption has increased steadily with population growth for decades, albeit at a slower rate than overall energy supply,” it added.

This is the reason for a decline in the share of renewables in total primary energy supply (TPES) over time, despite a recent increase in renewable power generation from hydro, wind, and solar photovoltaic.

Bioenergy and waste dominate renewable energy supply in India.

Renewable energy and waste in TPES, 1973-2017

Renewable energy share in power generation remains stable over the decade: IEA
Source: IEA (2019a), World Energy Balances 2019, www.iea.org/statistics/; *Includes primary solid biofuels, liquid biofuels, biogases, and renewable municipal waste. Notes: Bioenergy data are estimated by the IEA.

The report added that India continues to promote cleaner cooking and off-grid electrification solutions, including a shift toward using solar photovoltaics for cooking and charging batteries.

News Source:  ET Energyworld 

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